Canadian experimental pop band Braids, comprising Raphaelle Standell-Preston, Austin Tufts and Taylor Smith, have been creating music together since 2007. Following the success of their debut album Native Speaker, released January 18th 2011, which garnered positive reviews from the likes of Pitchfork, Spin, and Rolling Stone, the band went on to release a further two albums – Flourish//Perish, released August 20th 2013, and Deep in the Iris, released April 28th 2015, which won the 2015 Juno Award for Alternative Album of the Year.
The Mongol Messenger
The Mongolia Today quarterly magazine is published by the English Publications Department of MONTSAME National News Agency. The Mongolia Today edition for January-April 2017 is dedicated to the Ulaanbaatar Investment Forum 2017, which took place in the capital city on February 20.
Mongolia’s shortest person alive J.Ichinkhorloo shares the story of her extraordinary life
Women who are shorter than 130 cm and men shorter than 140 cm are recognized as “little people” in Mongolia. The shortest person ever-recorded is Ms. Ichinkhorloo Jurmed living in Choibalsan, Dornod Aimag.
It was noted in the fourth series of the ‘Compendium of Mongolian Secrets’, the record book of Mongolia published in 1990, that “The shortest person of Mongolia J.Ichinkhorloo was born in 1951 in Choibalsan of Dornod Aimag. She is 90 cm tall and weighs 36 kg”. She was followed by Zina Dovdon, born in 1953 in Ulaanbaatar (117cm) and Dolgor Sodnompil, born in 1947 (124 cm).
Mongolia-Japan’s relations trigger some historical aspects and myths. Two countries relations can date back to 1274. The Mongolian empire, under the rule of Khublai Khaan has sought territorial invasion of Japan in 1274 and 1281, only to face “divine typhoon” coupled with malfunctioning boats made by the Song Dynasty war-prisoners. As it is written in the history books Khublai Khan’s message to Japanese Shogun goes: "the ruler of a small country, pay us a tribute... or else.” Nevertheless, modern day foreign affairs do not involve divine typhoons, malfunctioning boats, instead, it involves political, diplomatic dialogue, economic relations, and people-to-people affairs.
This year marks the 30th anniversary of the establishment of US-Mongolia diplomatic relations. On February 15, the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of US to Mongolia, Ms. Jennifer Zimdahl Galt received journalists in the American Ger, erected on the premises of the US Embassy in Ulaanbaatar with an exhibition of historic photographs showcasing the highlights of our 30-year diplomacy.
Insights into 'The Eagle Huntress' documentary
The story of a thirteen-year-old girl hunting with her eagle companion on her forearm might just be a fairytale for western people, but not for Mongolians. Even a few tales were told among the natives that a young girl on a horse took down a wolf with her whip. The story of a young girl named Nurgaiv Aisholpan’s win over eighty adult men in a traditional eagle festival of the Kazak nomads in the western Mongolia recently caught the world’s attention.
Scientists of the Institute of Physics and Technology of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences have developed a neonatal incubator and blood pressure monitor or sphygmomanometer and are ready to put them into production for the use of clinics.
The infant incubator and blood pressure device were created by a team of Mongolian scientists headed by Dr. O.Bukhtsooj, Chief of Laboratory of Physics and Electronics of the abovementioned institute and including scientists B.Zandan, B.Naranbat, S.Ugtakhbayar and N.Narantsatseg.
The Urban Transport Development Project in Mongolia by the Asian Development Bank had been discussed since 2009. The project was finally backed by Parliament in April 2015. Among the efforts to solve traffic jams in Ulaanbaatar, and in spite of the relatively small number of vehicles compared to densely-populated metropolitan cities, building a subway system seemed like the most practical approach. However, it would require 30 years, while a Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) system would only require 7 years for complete construction.
On January 27-28, the 11th International Mongolian Studies Conference was held at the Embassy of Mongolia and at the Library of Congress in Washington, DC, USA.
Over 80 Mongolists from the United States, People’s Republic of China, and Russian Federation, former US Ambassadors to Mongolia and Mongolian nationals residing in the United States participated in the conference which coincided with the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Mongolia and the United States.
January 27, 2016 marks the 30th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations between Mongolia and the United States. On the occasion of the 30th anniversary of establishment of diplomatic relations, an academic conference themed 'US Policy in Northeast Asia and Mongolia-US relations' took place last week. During the event, the advisor at the Center for Policy Research (CPR) of Ulaanbaatar, Ms. Batchimeg gave an interview on the matter to the reporter of the MONTSAME News Agency.
Number of soums in dzud condition increases
With average sea-level elevation of 1,580 metres, Mongolia’s vast territory stretching over 1,564,116 square kilometres area comprises of diverse geographical features such as grasslands, deserts, mountain ranges covered with coniferous forests, permanent mountain glaciers and snow-topped mountains.
Western Mongolia is the most remote, ethnically diverse, and mountainous region of Mongolia, with thousands of years of history of human occupation. Its’ relatively intact and ecologically diverse landscapes provide habitat for seasonal migrations, predator-prey interactions, and natural river flow to occur that are all but lost in many regions of the world. They also support almost 38,000 nomadic and semi-nomadic herding families who rely directly upon the ecosystem services provide by the region’s sparsely inhabited grasslands.
Take a look at the last issue of the Mongolia Today quarterly magazine for 2016. The edition for October-December 2016 features articles of a wide range of topics.
By an order of the Center for Policy Research of School of International Relations and Public Administration (SIRPA), National University of Mongolia (NUM), the research team led by State Merit Lawyer, Ambassador, Dr. J.Enkhsaikhan has successfully implemented a research project titled ‘Upgrading the foreign policy decision-making mechanism of Mongolia’.
The coniferous and deciduous forest cover of Mongolia is 9.1 million ha, revealed the most recent national forest inventory report. With inclusion of saxaul forest, the total forest area of Mongolia is 12.8 million ha. The first ever forest inventory was conducted in Mongolia in 1956.
1. Mongolian People’s Party wins General Election by a landslide
The day of the General election, June 29 saw a 72.1 percent voter turnout and a landslide victory of Mongolian People’s Party (MPP).
In this election, total of 498 candidates comprising of 429 candidates of 12 parties and 3 coalitions and 69 independent candidates competed for 76 parliamentary seats. In a surprising turn, MPP won 65 seats, Democratic Party 9 seats, Mongolian People’ Revolutionary Party 1 seat and independent candidate, singer Javkhlan Samand took 1 seat.
1. Terrorist attacks grow
Since the world has welcomed the year of 2016, numerous terrorist attacks have occurred in a few countries such as Belgium, France and Turkey, killing a large number of people.
On the morning of 22 March 2016, three coordinated suicide bombings at an airport and a metro station in Brussels, Belgium took place, for which the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) claimed responsibility. The attacks killed 32 civilians and more than 300 people were injured.
Investment agreement of TT deposit, one of the largest untapped coking and thermal coal deposits in the world with its estimated resource of 6.4 billion tons, is again under talks, as the Government considers proper utilization of the deposit and following projects including railway construction and power plant, is one of main leverages for overcoming economic difficult situation.
SIRPA aims to become influential policy research center
History of the modern diplomatic service of Mongolia dates back to early 20th century when Mongolia declared independence from the Qing Dynasty or the Manchu and the Mongolian government was established with five ministries, including Minister of Foreign Affairs headed by Chin Van Khanddorj.
Ulaanbaatar ranks 47th among the most polluted 50 cities in the world, reported Mongolian Minister for Environment and Tourism D.Oyunkhorol at the first meeting of National Committee on Reduction of Air Pollution which was formed by an ordinance of Prime Minister of Mongolia.
In previous editions, the Mongol Messenger presented the Gobi Great Six initiative being implemented by the WWF Mongolia in cooperation with the Ministry of Environment and Tourism, Environment Office of the Gobi-Altai Aimag and the Administration of Great Gobi Strictly Protected Area to protect Gobi ecosystems as well as introduce the Mongolia Saiga which is one of the symbols of well-being and health of the Gobi ecosystems.
Erdenes Tavan Tolgoi CEO: Mongolia’s debt to Chalco to be settled by next spring
The Mongol Messenger has previously reported that Erdenes Tavantolgoi JSC Company, has concluded on a negotiation to increase the price of coal of the East Tsankhi block of the Tavan Tolgoi deposits by 1.8 times or 85 percent. Since last week, an each coal price extracted from the block has been sold for USD 50 for each ton to TTJVCo - the operating company at the coal mine. This action is believed to improve the effectiveness of a contract with TTJVCo and increase a price of Tavan Tolgoi’s coal.
After a series of discussions in the past few months, the Parliament approved the 2017 State Budget with total revenue of Tgs 6.6160 trillion and expenditures of Tgs 8.568 trillion. Now a few cuts in spending of government ministries and agencies have reflected in the next year’s budget as the country’s is making efforts to reduce its budget deficit and increase economic growth. The newly-approved State budget lays out a financial plan to grow its revenue through privatization of six state-run organizations including State Bank of Mongolia.
By invitation of Mongolian Buddhists and Gandantegchenlin Monastery, center of Buddhism in Mongolia, His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama paid a religious visit to Mongolia on November 18-23. The 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso first visited Mongolia in 1979. His most recent and 9th visit began last Friday as he was welcomed at Chinggis Khaan International Airport by D.Choijamts, Khamba Lama of Gandantegchenlin Monastery.
Beautiful art therapy to represent Mongolia
When it comes to coloring books, people always think about little kids holding their crayons and trying to stay in the lines on the pictures of cartoon characters. But a coloring book designed for adults is another thing because it has recently become a popular trend and a leisure craze. The coloring book, with its calming features is believed to be stress-relieving for people who want to unplug from their everyday nerve-wracking issues. It inspires people to be more creative to do something beautiful. There is even an adult coloring book club for people who want to meet new people and usefully distract their worries with something creative.
In our previous issue, the Mongol Messenger introduced the Gobi Great Six initiative by the WWF Mongolia Program Office committed to saving six globally endangered animals which critically requires conservation efforts from the worldwide community. Wild Bactrian Camel, Gobi Bear, Takhi or Wild Horse, Khulan or Wild Ass, Mongolian Saiga, and Goitered Gazelle play a crucial roles in the integrity and wellness of the Gobi ecosystem and human livelihoods.
Six endangered species to become Mongolian brands
Globally endangered Wild Bactrian Camel, Gobi Bear, Takhi or Wild Horse, Khulan or Wild Ass, and Saiga Antelope, listed as vulnerable Goitered Gazelle are symbols of well-being and health of Gobi ecosystems. Each of those six species plays important and unique roles to the ecosystem. In particular, Khulan or Wild Ass is known for digging holes at dried up river beds and water sources in the Gobi Desert enabling other species to access to water during the hot weather when there is a lack of water.
Since the Przewalski's horse or Takhi – one time extinct and endangered in the wild was reintroduced to its native habitat in the Khustai Mountain National Park, the population of Takhi in the area was estimated at over 340 as of December 2015. Some names of the places in Mongolia, such as ‘Yellow Mountain Ranges of Takhi’ and ‘Steppe of Takhi’ are proof of an abundance of Takhi ‘the wild horse’ in Mongolia.
Economist and researcher M.Chimeddorj gave an interview for the MONTSAME News Agency on the current situation of Mongolian economy and financial difficulties and etc.
Mongolian students are making the first Mongolian national satellite within the BIRDS project
The day is approaching when the space technology is to become a mundane use of daily life. As for Mongolia, a country that is sparsely populated in a vast territory with extreme weather conditions where its people maintain their lives in accordance with climate and natural environment changes, a necessity arises spontaneously to use satellite information. The inevitable need to have trained national specialists in this field also emerges in Mongolia. Launching a satellite to a space is not only a success card of a university, but also a declaration of any country’s potential.
Did you get a chance to look through the latest issue of the Mongolia Today magazine published by the MONTSAME National News Agency for July -September 2016.
Mongolia faces great challenges in meeting its growing demand for electricity, almost all of which is currently met by ageing and polluting coal-fired plants. According to the Energy Ministry, Mongolia produced and imported a total of 7.1 billion kWh of electricity in 2015, consisting of 77.7 percent coal, 0.6 percent diesel, 1.4 percent renewable energy and 20.3 percent import.
What does first come to your mind when you hear the word ‘Mongolia’? Many would name Chinggis Khaan. But what should also click in your mind when you think about Mongolia? Nomadic lifestyle. In the dialogue of Mongolian identity, the term ‘nomadic’ rightfully weighs in. ‘Nomadic’ is definitely one of the many identities Mongolians nowadays tag themselves with, and feel proud of.
World Architecture Day celebrated on October 3
World Architecture Day is celebrated on the first Monday of October every year. Mongolia celebrates World Architecture Day as well. This year, the day was marked on October 3 under the slogan ‘Design a Better World’ worldwide. An exhibition themed ‘Contemporary Mongolian Architecture’ opened at Blue Moon Art Gallery in connection with the day.
International conference discusses Indo-Mongolian cultural exchange
Often referred to as one of the greatest leaders in world history, Chinggis Khaan is a national hero for Mongolians. Celebrated as the 'Man of the Millennium', he surely is the symbol of pride and unity of Mongolia. However, there are times when Mongolians find some aspects of the reputation of Chinggis Khaan in the global community not-agreeable. No thinking person is content with his idol being misunderstood and that’s how Mongolians have always felt when people describe Chinggis Khaan as a barbaric, ruthless leader of primitive nomads who only knew how to fight.
LEAD Mongolia program launched, applicants invited
Try clapping your hands with just the pinkies. It is as good as mute. Now try adding your ring and middle fingers. You could hear something, but not as audible as you would like. Now clap with all five fingers as you usually do. We get a noise which is usually made when people express their appreciation and enthusiasm. The LEAD Mongolia program intends to achieve the same result by building Mongolia’s next generation of democratic leaders.
It is a customary thing for foreign tourists to buy locally-made souvenirs as a medium to document their travel experiences or for people to give souvenirs to foreign guests that reflect domestic traditional and cultural elements. However, two young Mongolian entrepreneurs and creators B.Zoljargal and M.Turtogtokh find that in Mongolia, there are not many types of souvenirs, memorabilia or items of mementos that can be collected or gifted to others.
Mongolia, along with the USA, China, Canada and Argentina, are popular places to find dinosaur fossils. The dinosaur remains found in the territory of Mongolia belong to the Cretaceous period between 145.5 and 65.5 million years ago. In the past, a large number of dinosaur remains discovered in Mongolia had been sold illegally abroad. The Government of Mongolia in cooperation with other countries has been working to bring those stolen remains back to Mongolia.
48 young people journey across China-Russia-Mongolia
On July 15-16, Mongolia hosted the 11th Asia-Europe Meeting which celebrated its 20th anniversary. In conjunction with the ASEM Summit, Mongolian Youth Federation worked closely with Asia-Europe Foundation (ASEF), the only permanent institution with ASEM, to organize the 7th Model ASEM which gathered about 120 young people from 51 countries to discuss political, economical and cultural pillars of ASEM. This time, the two organizations took their cooperation to another level with another project, ASEF Summer University.
Former CEO of Mongolian Stock Exchange reviews the Mongolian Stock Market
In the last 25 years, the structure of Mongolia's financial system has been dominated by commercial banks. Almost 95 percent of this bank-oriented system is composed of commercial banks and the remaining 5 percent is made-up of the stock exchange, non-bank financial institutions and financial services.
Senior Mongolist shares his story and perspectives
On August 15-18, the 11th International Congress of Mongolists convened in Ulaanbaatar under the general theme 'Mongol Studies and Sustainable Development'. The event was organized under the patronage of the of the President of Mongolia Ts.Elbegdorj who refered it to as 'the Olympics of Mongolists'. More than 400 scholars and researchers from 29 countries were brought together in Ulaanbaatar for the quinquennial event. Mr.Alan Sanders, a Mongolist from the UK, who was attending the event, talked to the Mongol Messenger about his stories and perspectives connected to Mongolia.
The Gobi Bear or 'Mazaalai' dwell in part of the Mongolian Gobi. They are at home in the Altai Mountain ranges, surrounded on all sides by the Gobi desert, Segs Tsagaan Bogd Mountain, Tumurt Mountain Ranges, Khukh Us Mountain Ranges as well as the region around the Shar Khuls Oasis and Atas Inges ranges (Gobi-Altai Aimag) and an oasis in the middle.
Last year, Mongolia revived its old tradition of a religious Naadam festival – Danshig, in celebration of the 380th birth anniversary of Undur Gegeen Zanabazar. The Danshig Naadam is comprised of the Khuree Tsam religious ceremony and three manly games of Mongolian traditional Naadam. On August 6-7, the second ‘Danshig Naadam – Khuree tsam- 2016’ cultural religious celebration took place in Khui Doloon Khudag.
There are about 4050 types of postage stamps on over 1000 topics are available for public display at the Museum of Postage Stamps of the Mongol Post Company. The stamps ranging from the first ever Mongolian stamp named ‘Eldev-Ochir’, which was issued in 1924 to the latest issue are on exhibit in chronological order at the Museum.
As a reporter of the Mongol Messenger newspaper, along with local journalists of ‘Today’ daily newspaper and ‘UBS” TV, I had the privilege to travel to the city of Istanbul, Turkey – the meeting place of the Asian and European continents to attend the 40th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee under the aegis of the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality.
The Mongolia Today quarterly magazine is published by the English Publications Department of the MONTSAME National News Agency. The Department also produces the Mongol Messenger weekly newspaper.
Mongolian nomads have long inhabited the Central Asian steppe. Among other names we proudly call ourselves, ‘nomadic Mongolians’ is quite popular and widely accepted. We have been living and moving around the vast steppe and rich territory at the heart of Asia for numerous millennia. At the same time, the music of nomads is as ancient as the nomadic way of living which translates as looking after herds of five different animals and changing pastures each season. Therefore, Mongolian ethnic music can be defined as nomads’ music.
From time immemorial, the Mongolian people have created its unique and amazing culture while making a valuable contribution to the development of the world culture. The Government of Mongolia is committed to take all possible steps to conserve, come by and advance the cultural heritage. One of the important actions in this direction is to register them in the lists of UNESCO Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage.
Discussions reflect on past 20 years and the future
On July 4-6, the 11th Asia-Europe People’s Forum (AEPF11) took place in Ulaanbaatar gathered around 500 representatives from social movements, frontline communities and campaigning networks, progressive NGOs, and academics and parliamentarians across the two continents. Elbegdorj Tsahia, President of Mongolia made the opening speech in which he encouraged civil society organization delegates and activists to come up with issues that need to be addressed and called for broader involvement.
This year marks the 20th anniversary of the internet in Mongolia. On January 17, 1996, Datacom LLC launched an online internet service and started providing full service for accessing, using, or participating in the internet. At that time, Magicnet network of Datacom was the only Internet service provider (ISP) and had only 500 users. Currently, 59 entities are operating as ISPs in Mongolia and the number of internet users has reached to 2.1 million.
Reporters of the MONTSAME National News Agency visited ‘Aglag’ Meditation Temple of the Ulzii Badruulagch Monastery founded by Buddhist Artist G.Purevbat, Honored Artist of Mongolia in the beautiful valley of Daliin of the magnificent Garid Mountain in the territory of Bornuur Soum of Tuv Aimag.
Preparations for the June 29 elections and election campaign are close to finishing. The General Elections Commission (GEC) reported that operations to print the ballot papers, check the counting machines and deliver them to electoral constituencies
One of the goals of our magazine is to write about the life and history of our older generation. Thus, it is a pleasure to tell our readers about great, humble artist Luvsandorj Bavuudorj. His painting ‘Mother’ is one of the best works of our fine arts and it resides in the Mongolian Contemporary Art Gallery. Anyone who saw the painting can feel a mother’s love, care and hopes for her son.
Drought, dzud, mining, and migration to urban centers blamed
Yak farms are helpful for the livelihoods of nomads in mountainous areas of western and steppe regions of Mongolia. This sector expresses the traditions of hundreds of years of Mongolia's nomadic history and culture.
During the socialist period, over 20 percent of Mongolia’s total bovine head were yaks, providing 40 percent of meat and 40 percent of butter and cream needs of the country, along with thousands of tons exports. But in recent years, information about yak-originated raw materials, names of products and quantity haven’t been stated in statistical figures.
Mongolian woman conquers the most challenging mountains in the world
Hailing from Zavkhan Aimag situated in western Mongolia, B.Gangaamaa is a high-spirited yet modest woman. She is not just a woman, but a mountaineer woman. That’s how she defines herself. “Our people call me ‘Mountaineer Gangaamaa’ anyway. It seems the word mountain is always associated with me wherever I go,” she says with a grin on her face. For starters, let us take a look at the brief outcome of mountaineer B.Gangaamaa’s devotion to the mountains.
Volunteers are not paid—they’re not worthless, they’re priceless. Indeed, volunteers are a priceless workforce in event management. Volunteers are always in need when you organize a large-scale event and especially if you are hosting the ASEM11 Summit and several side meetings in your country. Mongolia needed 1500 volunteers for pre-summit preparations and hosting of the ASEM11 Summit and we have them now.
“Traditional Mongolian Medicine is a priceless heritage we inherited from our ancestors; and seeing as it’s a highly unique practice, Mongolians need to safeguard, disseminate and pass it down from generation to generation,” said academician Sharaviin Bold (Professor, Ph.D., Sc.D). He has been teaching traditional medicine since he graduated from the National Medical University of Mongolia in 1993. His total publications count about 540, including around 60 books and more than 300 academic articles.
The ‘Khureelen’ (meaning ‘environment’ in Mongolian) project crew comprised of biologists, photographers, journalists and documentary filmmakers has been travelling through Mongolia since 2013 to create a repository where photos and videos of Mongolian nature, wildlife and animals are kept and to increase public awareness of endangered animal and wildlife nature of Mongolia.